However, KKR were lifted to 158 for four on the strength of a 134-run partnership between Shakib Al Hasan and Yusuf Pathan, who were undefeated on 66 and 63, respectively. Lions have now climbed to the top of the IPL standings following their win over KKR. Despite his team’s defeat, West Indies opener Andre Russell celebrated a milestone by moving to the top of the table for the most wickets taken this season. Russell had Suresh Raina caught at fine leg for 14 to finish with one wicket for 21 runs and taking his tally of scalps to 14. Meanwhile, West Indies allrounder Kieron Pollard wants his franchise Mumbai Indians to forget their excruciating loss to Sunrisers Hyderabad yesterday. Mumbai crashed to a massive 85-run defeat to Sunrisers at the ACA-VDCA Cricket Stadium, Visakhapatnam They were bowled out for 92 in 16.3 overs, the lowest total of the season, after Sunrisers posted 177 for three in their 20 overs. “To be honest, sometimes in these sort of games, you can find many faults, and at the end of the day, we come to play cricket, we come to give a 100 per cent,” said Pollard in the post-game news conference. “Today is one of the games where we don’t want to actually pinpoint anything. We just want to actually forget it.” Sunrisers’ innings were given momentum from a solid opening stand between David Warner and Shikhar Dhawan, which yielded 85 runs. Dhawan was not out on 82, while early aggressor Warner was caught by pollard two runs short of his half century. “This is the back end of the tournament and we need confidence. We don’t need guys with their heads down now,” said Pollard, who scored 11, one of only three batsmen to post low double-digit figures. “We don’t need people to be playing the blame game at this point in time. We need all hands on deck in order to get through the back end of the tournament.” Ashish Nehra, three for 15, and Mustafizur Rahman, three for 16, were the main destroyers of Mumbai’s innings. “For me, personally, I think it’s one of those things we just have to forget,” said the West Indies cricketer. “We will sit down again and look at the performances, look at how the wicket behaved and see how we need to improve”. Sunrisers’ huge win has taken them to the top of the IPL table. KOLKATA, India (CMC): West Indies opener Dwayne Smith contributed with the bat again as Gujarat Lions outclassed Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) by five wickets in the Indian Premier League (IPL) yesterday. Smith raced to 27 from 18 balls to kick off a methodical run chase in which Lions coasted to 164 for five in 18 overs, after KKR posted 158 for four from 20 overs at Eden Gardens. The Barbadian batsman struck four fours and cleared the ropes once in a 42-run opening partnership with Brendon McCullum, who scored 29 from 24 balls. The partnership ended when Smith was beaten in flight by Shakib al Hasan and lost his stumps in the sixth over. Smith, who bowled two overs for Lions, also picked up a wicket for 14 runs. Dinesh Karthik’s top scored with a busy 51 from 29 balls to seal Lions’ seventh win, with five wickets in hand and 12 balls to spare. Earlier Knight Riders were reduced to 24 for four by the end of the power play as a result of impressive swing bowling by Praveen Kumar and Dhawal Kulkarni, who exploited overcast skies. STRONG PARTNERSHIP MORE MOMENTUM
Pieces of a puzzleThere are a number of other techniques being explored and being tested. They include the use nanomaterials to separate usable water from fecal sludge and thicken the feces for further treatment; electrochemistry to break down fecal solids into fertilizer and sanitize the water to be reused for flushing or irrigation; and hydrothermal carbonization, which converts fecal sludge into an aqueous suspension of charlike material that is safe to handle and easily separated from the liquid phase.Another BMGF-funded device is the omni-processor, a wastewater treatment plant device that treats a community’s waste to a safe end product at little to no energy cost and creates safe drinking water that’s good enough for Bill Gates to drink.While early-stage toilet technologies may eventually provide sustainable sanitation for many communities, the solution to the world’s toilet problem has no single solution. Approaches by the private sector and those promoted by universities and foundations around the world are all pieces to the puzzle.Despite the basic facts of life that we all need to rid our bodies of waste, this is not an easy problem to solve, and we have not evolved quickly enough to keep up with our own poop. While demand must originate from local communities, innovations in technology will keep us imagining what the possibilities are, and if we can meet the UN’s SDGs, then maybe everyone can enjoy a little “me time” in the bathroom. Karl Linden is a professor of environmental engineering and the Mortensen Professor in Sustainable Development at the University of Colorado. This post originally appeared at The Conversation. RELATED ARTICLES Does a Composting Toilet Stink Up Your House?Do Low-Flow Toilets Really Work?Collection and Use of Urine Niagara’s Innovative 0.8 gpf “Vacuum-Assist” Stealth ToiletCan Switching to a Dual-Flush Toilet Save Heat?Q&A: Composting toilet in a Passive House? Sustainable sanitation technologiesSanitation systems protect human health by providing facilities and services for the collection and disposal of human urine and feces, ensuring a clean environment and breaking the cycle of disease. In order to be sustainable, sanitation technologies must be economically viable, socially acceptable, and environmentally sound.Economic viability ensures that a sanitation system can be built, operated, and maintained without outside subsidies. Social acceptability determines adoption and proper operation and maintenance. Environmental sustainability refers to the technology’s ability to reduce harmful pollution, use limited resources (water, land, energy), and recover resources contained in human waste.Sanitation technologies include anything from pit latrines to flush toilets connected to septic or sewer systems. But in many cases, existing systems have technical or operational problems.Pit latrines are socially unacceptable due to odors, and they are environmentally unsustainable since they only collect waste and do not treat it. Flush toilets connected to septic tanks or sewers must not only transmit the waste away but also treat it in centralized facilities. That requires major infrastructure, which uses precious water resources and is not possible in areas that need sanitation the most. Construction, operation, and maintenance of sewer infrastructure and treatment plants represent prohibitive costs for many parts of the developing world.What, then, is a better alternative?The world needs sanitation systems that are socially acceptable, reduce water consumption, take advantage of renewable energy, operate off-grid with little maintenance, and harvest useful products from human waste. The introduction of sustainable sanitation technology would result in greatly improved health, a cleaner environment, and energy conservation for both the developing and developed world. The United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a 25-year effort that wrapped up in 2015, aimed to “halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation.” While the goals for “access” to safe drinking water have been met, the UN revealed that 1.8 billion people still use drinking water that is fecally contaminated, connecting the dots between lack of adequate sanitation and contamination of drinking water.Since the MDGs have ended, the world is now striving toward the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a 15-year effort to achieve universal and equitable access to safe drinking water and sanitation.How can we achieve safe sanitation? One way is through innovation. How is it possible that 2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation facilities in 2015?While many westerners use their bathroom time as “me time,“ 40% of the world’s population may be pooping outdoors, in an unsanitary latrine, or in a plastic bag and launching flying toilets to dispose of their waste.The environmental impact of the worldwide sanitation situation cannot be underestimated. Not only do the unsanitary conditions and noxious odors of many latrines pose a health hazard for fecal-transmitted diseases, but in many cases the fecal matter ends up in the environment, untreated.Recent analysis by the World Bank reported that in a study of 12 cities, an average of 69% of the fecal sludge was released untreated into the environment – that is, only 31% was safely treated. In places like Dhaka, Bangladesh, only 2% of the fecal sludge is safely handled, while 98% is dangerously released into the environment. Toilet techIn parallel with efforts to change the face of conventional latrines, there is a wide effort underway to completely rethink what a toilet is and how we can recover the value in waste.The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) in 2011 launched the Reinvent the Toilet Challenge and funded 16 teams around the world to dream big and re-create the toilet paradigm. (The BMGF is a funder of The Conversation Media Group.) Clearly, business as usual is not working, and given society’s experience in other sectors, why not develop “leapfrog” technologies that leave our 20th-century toilet behind?While technology is not the single solution to the worldwide sanitation crisis, it does have the potential to reshape the landscape and create new ways to do your business.The 21st-century toilet must provide a safe and hygienic environment, effectively treat the waste for safe handling, and recover resources embedded in the waste. It should also do all this while using no water resources or electrical energy.To meet this challenge, our group at the University of Colorado Boulder developed the Sol-Char Toilet, which uses concentrated solar energy to destroy the pathogens in fecal waste and transform the waste into biochar, similar to charcoal made from plants and other organic materials. Biochar is a valuable, safe-to-handle product that can serve as an agricultural amendment or be made into a char-fuel briquette with similar heating efficiency to commercial charcoal. This household toilet prototype is being redesigned into a system that can serve multiple houses in a community setting. Turning waste into valuable productThis need for better sanitation technologies has spawned a wave of innovations in toilet technologies, driven by the private sector, public sector, and foundations.Solutions making headway range from adapting and improving on the current paradigm of pit latrines to development of novel devices and approaches.Businesses such as Sanergy profit from providing clean toilet services and the collection and recovery of fecal waste. They provide the toilets, keep them clean, haul the fecal waste, treat and then reclaim the waste resources for reuse in agriculture. Using a franchise approach, their waste haulers safely compost large volumes of fecal sludge to make and sell valuable fertilizer. The Sanergy model can reach deep into informal settlements by using human labor to access and haul waste in areas which trucks cannot access.Another social enterprise, Sanivation, has a similar collection model to Sanergy but turns fecal waste into a fuel through a briquetting process. Their approach is to install low-infrastructure mobile toilets that can be deployed in urban communities and refugee camp settings. After collection, the waste is treated using solar energy. This solar-dried waste is then combined with a binder and made into fuel briquettes that can be sold as a replacement for wood, coal, and other sources.
Apple continues to update their Final Cut Pro X video editing application, with the 10.0.8 adding new features and addressing performance issues.Video editors that cried two years ago that “Apple isn’t dedicated to the pro user!” after the release of FCPX, may have to rethink their position. Since its release it has received continuous updates to improve performance, as well as add new (and missing features) that make it more usable for pro video editing. The recent FCPX 10.0.8 update continues to improve the app and offer more features for the professional user (list of new features with 10.0.8 update below).A recent LA Times article stated that Apple is now planning to squarely target their professional userbase, including video editors that they may have initially lost with the release of Final Cut Pro X. The new “FCPX In Action” marketing series will focus on professional video editors and producers that are employing a FCPX workflow with success. It will be interesting to see if this marketing push, coupled with the ongoing app updates, is enough to sway video editors that Apple is in fact committed to their pro userbase. (Image from Apple.com)Final Cut Pro X 10.0.8 UpdateSupport for Sony XAVC codec up to 4K resolutionOption to display ProRes Log C files from ARRI ALEXA cameras with standard Rec. 709 color and contrast levelsResolves an issue where some third-party effects generated green frames during renderResolves performance issues that could occur with certain titles and effectsTime reversed clips render in the backgroundAbility to use key commands to adjust Clip Appearance settings in the timelineAbility to view reel number metadata located in the timecode track of video filesMono audio files in a surround project export with correct volume levelsDrop zones no longer reset to the first frame of video after application restartFixes a performance issue which resulted from selecting multiple ranges on a single clipFixes an issue where the Play Around function did not work properly on certain clips when viewed through external video devicesAre you using FCPX?Share your thoughts/comments/experiences below!