Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netFar Eastern University won’t back down from the heated Final Four race after putting down National University, 79-74, in the UAAP Season 81 men’s basketball tournament Sunday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.The Tamaraws swept their season series with the Bulldogs and tied University of the Philippines in fourth with identical 7-6 records.ADVERTISEMENT Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Pumaren to turn up the heat on Falcons ahead of last elims game vs Tamaraws Japeth Aguilar embraces role, gets rewarded with Finals MVP plum Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award View comments Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? Allen Durham still determined to help Meralco win 1st PBA title MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. This was also FEU’s second straight win in the second round after going on a four-game skid.From a tit-for-tat opening quarter, the Tamaraws unleashed its might in the second going on a 19-4 run to take a 40-26 lead off of Arvin Tolentino’s layup with 2:40 left in the first half.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSGolden State Warriors sign Lee to multiyear contract, bring back ChrissIt wasn’t an all-game cruise for the Tamaraws, however, as John Lloyd Clemente lit up and scored 21 points in the third quarter alone to close the distance at 69-61 with FEU trying desperately to hold off any advancements.Kenneth Tuffin gave the Tamaraws a 78-65 lead midway through the fourth quarter with a fast break dunk after taking Troy Rike’s errant pass. NU, though, battled back with a 7-0 run to trim the lead to 78-72 and the Bulldogs actually had a chance to further cut it to just three points with less than half a minute left but Rike once again threw a terrible pass that led to another Bulldog turnover.FEU head coach Olsen Racela said they’re still not done with their season and the team knows they still have to win its remaining game to strengthen their bid for the Final Four.“We’re going all out for the win, whatever happens to the other teams’ games we’re going for our own win,” said Racela. “We need one more hopefully we can get one more.”Tolentino led FEU’s offense with 16 points, all in the first half, with six rebounds and one block while Tuffin put up 15 points, five rebounds, and two steals.Clemente finished with 38 points and that mark is the most for any player in the league this season.ADVERTISEMENT Gov’t to employ 6,000 displaced by Taal LATEST STORIES Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Gretchen Barretto’s daughter Dominique graduates magna cum laude from California college
He has spent the last two months undergoing a gruelling programme of intensive treatment in India, but is optimistic he will make a full recovery. Williamson revealed he’s lost almost 12.7kg in weight since his chemotherapy and radiotherapy started last month.He’s also been badly affected by chronic mouth ulcers, a side effect of his treatment.Williamson, 56, said: “In the summer I’d been bothered by what felt like a blockage at the back of my throat.“I’d just been signed up for a medical insurance policy with my partner Michelle and in the course of the medical I had they discovered something.“It was causing me problems breathing, so I was keen to get it out. But the tests they did showed it was cancerous.“There was a bit of a delay between the tests being done and the results coming back, which made me think I might be better getting treatment elsewhere.“Michelle told me that in Kenya people who need lengthy hospital treatment go to India, so we made some enquiries and I came over to Delhi.“They’ve told me the tumour has been removed, but I had to have chemotherapy once a week and 20 sessions of radiotherapy, which was pretty tough.Harambee Stars head coach, Bobby Williason (left) greets captain Victor Wanyama. PHOTO/Timothy Olobulu“It’s going to be a few months before they know for sure it hasn’t spread.“Michelle has been absolutely fabulous supporting me. She’s taken unpaid leave off her work to be here with me.”Williamson, who was axed as manager of Kenya in February 2016, admits the warning signs were there during everyday life in Nairobi.He added: “I’d first gone to hospital at the start of last year because I’d had nosebleeds a couple of days in succession.“At that time my nose always felt blocked, so they did a lot of tests. I had a colonoscopy and an endoscopy, but my liver, pancreas and kidneys were all OK.“But by August it was getting unbearable. I felt as if I was totally blocked up all the time and I was having trouble breathing.“They did a biopsy and the results initially came back inconclusive. But I was pushing for it to be removed because I knew there was something bothering me.”As if the cancer diagnosis wasn’t serious enough, medics also told Williamson he was suffering from diabetes.He said: “As well as the radiotherapy and chemotherapy, I was given medication for the diabetes. I was taking 20 tablets a day.“One of the side effects of the meds I was on was enormous mouth ulcers.“At various stages there were more ulcers visible on my tongue and gums than there was normal skin. They tried everything to help with that, from mouthwashes to gels, but nothing did much good.“One night I was up six times between 1am and 4am to put the gel on. At 4am I gave up and got up and read my book.Harambee Stars head coach, Bobby Williamson, applauds during their 2-1 loss to Zambia. PHOTO/Raymond Makhaya“Even this week I had a bowl of soup that I couldn’t force down because eating it hurt so much. The same thing happened with a glass of water which I couldn’t get over my throat. I haven’t had a single bit of bread since I’ve been in India.“When I arrived in India I was 86kg and now I’m 75kg. That’s almost two stones of a difference. I’m lighter now than I was when I played football!“I had a mask made because the radiation treatment was directed on to my face and they had to make a second one because the first one didn’t fit after I lost so much weight.“I wasn’t eating and I had to be put on a drip in hospital because I wasn’t taking in any nutrition.“I went Christmas shopping one day last week and I felt dizzy and had blurred vision while I was out.“There was talk of me going back into hospital this week to get fed through a tube directly into my stomach.“But I forced a milkshake down the other day and felt a bit better after that.”Williamson admits his long spell in hospital has given him time to reconsider his stance over his ongoing legal dispute with the Kenyan FA.He resisted the chance to take jobs while he was embroiled in a dispute over unpaid wages after he was axed as national boss nearly two years ago.He said: “I’m hoping to get the all-clear to leave India on Christmas Eve.“My plan then is to have a break in Dubai, which is on the journey from India to Kenya, to recuperate next week, then get back to Kenya.Former Harambee Stars head coach, Bobby Williamson (foreground) consults with his assistant, Musa Otieno during a past match. PHOTO/Raymond Makhaya“I haven’t worked in football since leaving the national team job.“The Kenyan FA broke the contract, so there’s a dispute which is being handled by lawyers. I like living in Kenya, so it’s not a road I want to go down. But they broke it, not me.“While that was going on I didn’t want to work because I was focused on the dispute, but now I want to get back to coaching.“While I’ve been in India I’ve got a bit of appetite for the game back.“I would get back to the apartment I’ve rented and from 11pm to midnight there’s football on the TV every night.“I’ve probably watched more football in the last six months than I ever have.“I’ve seen a lot of Indian football, which is obviously on the rise. There are a few well-known managers working there, like Steve Coppell, John Gregory and Teddy Sheringham. So is the former Fulham manager Rene Meulensteen.“There are ten teams in the I-League and the coaches are all either English, Spanish or Portuguese.-Courtesy Scottish Sun–0Shares0000(Visited 2 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Former Harambee Stars head coach, Bobby Williamson, during the team’s barren draw against Mauritius on Sunday, October 11, 2015. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaNAIROBI, Kenya, Dec 21- Former Harambee Stars and Gor Mahia coach Bobby Williamson has revealed that he is battling cancer in an interview with the Scottish Sun.Williamson who managed the Uganda Cranes before moving to Kenya was diagnosed with cancerous cells in his nasal cavity in the summer, but is keen on returning to coaching after he completes his treatment in India.
Naomh MhuireThe Club’s Annual Dinner Dance is taking place on Saturday the 21st of January, in Caisleain Oir, Annagry. Anyone wishing to purchase a ticket needs to contact a Club Committee Member as soon as possible as the tickets will be limited. The Dinner will commence at 8 O’Clock sharp, and will be followed by a disco until late. Tickets are €30.00 each. This year the Club will introduce a Hall of Fame award for the first time in it’s 31 year History. It will also honour the 4 Local lads who won the All-Ireland Vocational Schools final with Dun na nGall.The annual Bord na nOg presentations will take place on Sunday 27th January @ 4pm in the clubhouse @ the banks. This is an evening where we acknowledge the achievements and efforts of our underage players over the past year from under 8s up to under 18 level. The presentations will be conducted by a member of the Donegal senior football team as well as members of CLG Naomh Mhuire senior team. We look forward to welcoming a large crowd to show support and appreciation for our underage players, the future of the club. The under 8s and under 10s resume training this Saturday in the Sportshall at the RCS. Training will be outdoors if the weather is good enough so come prepared for indoor/outdoor session. The under 8s will train from 11am – 12pm with the under 10s training from 12pm – 1pm. Under 8s training is for children born in 2004, 2005 and 2006. Under 10 training is for children born in 2002 and 2003.Under 12 training continues every Tuesday at the RCS from 7pm – 8pm. This is for children born in 2000 and 2001.Training for under 14s, under 16s and minor players takes place in the Aislann in Ranafast every Tuesday and Thursday evening from 7.30pm to 8.30pm and on Saturday evenings from 5.30pm to 6.30pm. It is important that all players in these age groups are in attendance as the under 14 and minor leagues are due to start in March.Peil na mBan had their first meeting of the year under new Chairperson Sean MacRuairi,Coilcheim.This meeting seen them drawing up procedures and planning on how to run the club for the year.Its going to be a busy year for the club, so if anyone is interested in assisting in any way to help the club out. Contact any committee member as help is always appreciated. The Healthy Living program is going very well. Every Wednesday at 7pm at the Mullaghderg Banks.Lotto details for week 11th January. Jackpot 800 euro. No winner. There were four match 3 winners – Christina McGarvey – Anagaire, Neilly Boyle – Meandoirenaslua, Annie McBride – Meandoirenaslua and Breda McBride – Meandoirenaslua.Numbers were 1-7-14-23.Check out our club website www.naomhmhuire.ieGAA: NAOMH MHUIRE GAA NOTES was last modified: January 17th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GAA: NAOMH MHUIRE GAA NOTES
DONEGAL’S peat bogs are Ireland’s rainforests, say environmentalists who want turf cutting bannedGreen Party Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht spokesperson Rian Coulter insisted: “Our raised bogs have developed over the last 10,000 years and they contain a unique ecosystem, which once lost will never be recovered. We respect the social heritage that has arisen from the generations that have cut turf from the bogs, but we also respect the science which explicitly states that these special areas will not withstand the level of extraction that is happening today. These are the equivalent of our rain forests. They hold a richness of life that needs to be protected from short term ‘cut and burn’ thinking.“The sad thing about the impasse that has developed, is that there is an alternative approach that could protect both the local social and environmental heritage. If rather than compensating turf cutters for stopping their activity, we developed a capital fund which would pay for a programme of insulating local houses and developing new coppiced fuel supplies, a whole new culture of energy harvesting could develop which is truly sustainable. “Following the vote in the Dail last week it would seem that the Government has climbed down on the issue. They must be confident that they will be able to get the Commission to bend the environmental rules to get us out of the immediate conflict. However, we have to ask whether that is the best use of our political capital in Europe at this time. Surely we should be using every ounce of that political capital to get a write down on our debt rather than insisting that we maintain the right to destroy our own unique wildlife areas.” concluded Rian Coulter. TURF CUTTERS: DONEGAL BOGS ARE ‘IRISH RAINFORESTS’ SAY GREENS was last modified: March 12th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Make this Christmas one to remember with festivities at the 4* Radisson Blu Letterkenny.The popular hotel in the heart of Letterkenny is hosting four fabulous party nights to ensure you make it a very merry Christmas.XMAS PARTY NIGHTS – DECEMBER 8TH, 9TH, 15TH & 16TH Radisson Blu Party Nights offer guaranteed craic, entertainment & award winning food – Perfect for a staff night out, or a long due reunion with friends! Enjoy a cosy mulled wine reception on arrival, 4 course festive menu, followed by entertainment until late.PARTY & STAY RATES- Book your stay after the party with a discounted room rate including Super Buffet Breakfast.Friday December 8th & 15th:Single Guestroom – €59.00Double/Twin Guestroom – €80.00 Triple Room – €105.00Saturday December 9th & 16th:Single Guestroom – €79.00Double/Twin Guestroom – €99.00Triple Room – €119.00Booking is essential. Please reserve your table early to avoid disappointment. For enquiries & bookings Call: +353 74 9194444 or Email: email@example.comSponsored Post Make it a very Merry Christmas with party nights at Radisson Blu Letterkenny was last modified: November 16th, 2017 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:CHristmasRadisson Blu Letetrkenny
One wonders how a scientist could infer behavior from skeletal dimensions, but David Carrier (U of Utah) believes he can visualize that evolutionary ancestors of humans were good fighters. A report on EurekAlert begins, “Ape-like human ancestors known as australopiths maintained short legs for 2 million years because a squat physique and stance helped the males fight over access to females, a University of Utah study concludes.” Carrier thinks shorter legs helped the males have a better wrestling stance. But there are exceptions: bonobos have shorter legs, but are passive. Carrier also had to make an exception for humans, who are “not less aggressive because they have longer legs.” He didn’t make clear whether he was visualizing Fred Flintstone or Richard Dawkins. But he did win Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week for his answer to the question of why anyone should care if australopiths were short and nasty:“Given the aggressive behavior of modern humans and apes, we should not be surprised to find fossil evidence of aggressive behavior [?] in the ancestors of modern humans,” Carrier says. “This is important because we have a real problem with violence in modern society. Part of the problem is that we don’t recognize we are relatively violent animals. Many people argue we are not violent. But we are violent. If we want to prevent future violence we have to understand why we are violent.” “To some extent, our evolutionary past may help us to understand the circumstances in which humans behave violently,” he adds. “There are a number of independent lines of evidence suggesting that much of human violence is related to male-male competition, and this study is consistent with that.”Carrier had to admit that male-male competition did not explain all human violence, and that he did not really know how aggressive australopiths were. He just remarked, “If they were more aggressive than modern humans, they were exceptionally nasty animals.”We don’t see the females flocking to the world championship wrestlers. And we don’t see some of the best males at passing on genes being particularly good fighters. And we don’t see any fossil bones having skeleton fights with each other. Please tell us, David, how you intend to test your hypothesis. Can Carrier and any of his other Darwin Party buddies explain why we should try to prevent future violence? What is the “real problem with violence in modern society”? If evolution made males this way, then violence is good, and peace is stupid. Hitler understood this. Mussolini understood this. Chairman Mao and Pol Pot understood this. These and other Darwin-inspired dictators made violence an intrinsic part of their social policy and carried it out with a vengeance they felt their ideology justified (for details, listen to the Teaching Company lecture series Utopia and Terror in the 20th Century). Darwinism justifies any male doing anything he wants to, violence included, to get a female. The one who does not understand what he just said is David Carrier who, along with all the other inconsistent Darwinists, want to “understand” our “evolutionary past” but then cannot live with the consequences. Carrier can point to no Darwinian moral categories that would classify violence as either good or bad. Maybe he should be listening to that conscience that tells him something is morally wrong with selfish sex and violence run amok. Promote world peace. Shut up a Darwinist today. Laughter may be the best medicine.(Visited 129 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
(Visited 101 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The Copernican Revolution did not just affect astronomy and physics: it revolutionized geology. So argued Walter Alvarez in Geology this month.1 Geologists usually talk rocks in their rags, but Alvarez (the one who brought impacts into extinction theories) decided to play historian. With Henrique Leitao, he announced, “we argue that the Copernican Revolution represented not only a revolution in astronomy and physics, but also a radical change in understanding the Earth.” Part of their motivation seems to be to extend the history of their discipline. “Many geologists think of geology as a young science that originated about 1800,” they said. Apparently it would be more prestigious for geologists to sink their roots deeper into intellectual history. To do that, though, Alvarez and Leitao have to navigate geology through multiple upheavals: the plate tectonics revolution of the late 1900s, the Darwinian revolution of the late 1800s, the Hutton revolution of the late 1700s – and now, the Copernican revolution of the late 1500s. (Not much happened in the 1600s geologically except for the foundational work in stratigraphy by Nicholas Steno around 1669.) The authors acknowledged the revolutions in philosophy and history of science of the 20th century; they mentioned Kuhn, Laudan, Lakatos, Rudwick, and others. They had to justify the word “revolution” to make their case that geology has foundations in Copernicus. This was made somewhat more difficult by the fact that the word geology was not invented till after Copernicus (1603) and was not widely used till about 1800. Nevertheless, they felt that the Copernican system led to a new view of the earth: “there has never been any serious reason since then to think that Earth is not a planet.” This contrasts sharply with the earth view of Aristotle and Ptolemy, they argued. The “recognition that Earth is not compositionally different from celestial bodies” was important for the founding of geology as a science: it was the Copernican revolution “that gave Earth its personality and its independence and finally made it a worthy object of study.” Alvarez and Leitao tried to recreate the world view of the medieval mind. Planets were wandering stars, points of light that moved in complicated patterns against the stars, which were perfect celestial objects embedded in crystalline spheres. The Earth meant different things to different people. “In Medieval Christianity, Earth was a temporary abode for human beings prior to the Day of Judgment,” they said; “For philosophers, earth was one of four elements, along with air, fire, and water, which made up the terrestrial globe.” Whatever one thought, nobody believed till Copernicus that the Earth was a planet. “It is difficult today to recapture that alien worldview, but we may imagine that ‘Earth’ and ‘planet’ had as little to do with each other then as, for example, ‘Pangea’ and ‘B-flat minor’ do today,” they quipped. Then Copernicus comes, and now Earth is a planet! “It was as if we were to learn that Pangea was written in B-flat minor.” (Wasn’t that a march by John Phillip Sousa?) Seeing the earth as a planet orbiting under physical laws of motion opened the way for using it as a natural laboratory, Alvarez and Leitao said; “It is difficult to imagine a more profound change in the understanding of the Earth, or to envision a serious science of the Earth that does not recognize that Earth is a planet.” They spent most of their conclusion clearing up confusion about the Copernican clich�:In addition, contrary to what is commonly believed, we now know that in the eyes of its contemporaries, the Copernican Revolution glorified the Earth, making it an object worthy of study, in contrast to the preceding view, which demeaned the Earth. Ironically, the Copernican Revolution is almost invariably portrayed today as having demoted the Earth from a position at the center of the universe, the main concern of God, to being merely one of the planets. Danielson2 (2001) made a compelling case that this portrayal is the opposite of what really happened, i.e., that before the Copernican Revolution, Earth was seen not as being at the center, but rather at the bottom, the cesspool where all filth and corruption fell and accumulated. The revolution changed that view, as can be seen in a quote from Galileo, speaking as his alter ego Salviati, in Dialogue of the Two World Systems: “As for the earth, we seek…to ennoble and perfect it when we strive to make it like the celestial bodies, and, as it were, place it in heaven, from whence your philosophers have banished it” (see Danielson, 2001, p. 1032). Danielson (2001) showed how historians came to misinterpret this glorification of the Earth as a demotion, an erroneous change of interpretation embodied in the now almost universal viewpoint that he called the “Copernican clich�.” It is difficult to imagine a science of geology developing when Earth was considered an accumulation of filth and corruption. The post-Copernican Earth, ennobled and perfected, became an object worthy of study by the emerging science of geology.In the acknowledgements, Alvarez credited a “2007 visit of three Portuguese historians of science to Berkeley that triggered this study”. His thesis can be summed up thus, “With the advantage of hindsight, we realize that recognizing Earth as a planet was a precondition for understanding the universe. When that recognition destroyed the Aristotelian view that Earth is fundamentally different from celestial bodies, the Earth could become a laboratory for studying the universe.” The science of geology, therefore, can extend its origins to the Copernican revolution.1. Walter Alvarez and Henrique Leitao, “The neglected early history of geology: The Copernican Revolution as a major advance in understanding the Earth,” Geology, v. 38 no. 3, p. 231-234, doi: 10.1130/G30602.1.2. D. R. Danielson, 2001, “The great Copernican clich�,” American Journal of Physics, v. 69, p. 1029�1035, doi: 10.1119/1.1379734.To his credit, Alvarez helped clear up the misinterpretation of the Copernican revolution being a demotion; this was a point emphasized in The Privileged Planet, in which Danielson himself appeared to clarify the historical record. It would have been nice to chastise Carl Sagan a little bit for misconstruing the medieval world view in Cosmos so badly for his millions of viewers, but at least this article agreed with Danielson. And Alvarez did not use his article to bash Christians and creationists. Still, there are a number of problems. For one, he used fairly broad brushes to portray historical views. Any period was likely to have many dissenting opinions. It’s doubtful that nobody ever thought of studying the earth before Copernicus. Could any traveler climb the mountains or cross the deserts without wondering about them? Many people may have studied the earth without leaving written records. A good historian of science would probably find many examples in ancient writings through to the middle ages displaying early “geological” thinking. Are we to believe, too, that every Christian before Copernicus held their nose at the Earth as a pit of wretched filth? Read Psalm 96, Psalm 104 and Psalm 148. See if those hymns of praise to the Creator of the earth are so dismissive. Notice that these were all written long after Genesis, even though the Hebrew authors knew about the curse and the judgment of God. They still saw the creation of the natural order as a beautiful, wonderful, source of awe and joy. Psalm 111:2 said, “Great are the works of the LORD, studied by all who delight in them.” That verse alone should have liberated science many centuries before geology was born. It is wrong, therefore for Alvarez to allege that the Earth was “ennobled and perfected” by Copernicus. It was ennobled long ago by the Bible. A central hold-up to serious study of the earth was that the medieval church became wedded to Aristotelian and Ptolemaic concepts that were not Biblical. There is nothing in the Bible about crystalline spheres. There is nothing that rules out the Earth as a planet. There is nothing that says that all the filth and corruption finds its place at the center, where Earth is located. Those all came out of pagan Greek philosophy. Jeremiah taught that the stars were innumerable. There are indications in Job and elsewhere that creation follows natural laws. Jesus referred to the beauty of birds and wildflowers, and used them as examples of God’s care for his creation. To the extent “Medieval Christianity” was anti-scientific (a dubious proposition to those who know their history), their mistakes cannot be traced to the Bible. (Note: three statements in the Psalms that “the earth shall not be moved” are not talking about geology or physics, but about God’s sovereign rule over the earth; they have nothing to do with the question of earth’s physical motion.) There are also some non-sequiturs in the proposition that nothing serious could be done in geology before Copernicus. It’s not clear that one has to see the earth as a planet to study it. Any medieval person, or Roman or Egyptian for that matter, could have picked up rocks, wondered about fossils, and examined other real-life geological phenomena. Maybe more of them did than we know. Maybe they didn’t write down their ideas. Whatever we think about the stars, we humans all walk on the ground, and curiosity is a normal human trait. Seeing the connection of the Earth to other celestial bodies might enhance understanding of the Earth, but not seeing it does not preclude investigation. Consider that comparative planetary geology in our own day did not really begin in earnest till Mariner 4’s flyby of Mars in 1964, long after geology was established as a science. Geology was not held up till Copernicus arrived. Two of the most serious flaws in this article are the myth of progress and the assumption of deep time. “During the geological revolution” of the late 18th and early 19th centuries],” he said, “geologists recognized that Earth has a long, complicated history that is recorded in rocks, and learned to read that history and to date those rocks using fossils.” That’s an overly simplistic characterization. Actually, the assumption of deep time was a choice, not a discovery. Geologists did not recognize millions of years. They needed them to back up anti-Scriptural interpretations. This is clear from the writings of Buffon, Hutton and Lyell, who wished to liberate science from Moses. Steno was a creationist, but the 18th-century founders of geology determined a priori that nothing in Scripture could be used in the interpretation of the rocks. Thus the only potential eyewitness accounts of earth history were ruled out of court. That’s objective science for you. Early geologists jumped on that bandwagon and scorned the “scriptural geologists” as old fuddy-duddies out of touch with the new fad. They set to work fabricating an artificial framework for interpreting strata, assigning them the millions of years needed to fulfill Hutton’s vision of an ancient planet with no Creator and no Flood. There is nothing written on the Cambrian layers Sedgwick and Darwin found at Wales that shouts out “550 million years old!” (On the contrary, there is a lot to suggest otherwise.) Darwin became the leader of the band, and now we have this ossified bandwagon called the Geologic Column that has become the cart pulling the horse in university geology departments today. What are the chances it corresponds with reality? To answer that, one only need consider the other major flaw in Alvarez’s article, the myth of progress. Notice the first major subheading: “Major Advances in Understanding the Earth.” How much do we understand the earth? That’s a loaded question. We tend to see science as progressive because of the very clear evidence of technological progress: we have cell phones; our great grandparents didn’t. Nobody questions that kind of progress. But when you ask whether we really understand a scientific phenomenon, the assumption of progress is na�ve. One of the ideas Dr. Stephen Goldman emphasizes in his Teaching Company lecture series “Science Wars” (see Resource of the Week for 12/19/2009) is that science has a historical character. This is not the same as progress; it means that scientific ideas and concepts are relevant to the time periods in which they are expressed. The “earth” means something very different today than it did 100 years ago – and 100 years before that. In 1900, he says, Earth was a basically static globe with occasional volcanoes and earthquakes. Now, geologists believe tectonic plates are moving all over the place and colliding, and catastrophism is back with a vengeance. You need to ask the follow-up question: how confident can we be that 100 years from now, geologists would have anywhere near the same theories and concepts of the earth as we do today, considering the fact that at each time in history, the intelligentsia were confident their concepts were correct? Our concepts of the universe have changed even more dramatically from what they were in 1900 – more so, arguably, than after the Copernican Revolution. We didn’t even know about external galaxies before 1923. Each branch of science has a similar story to tell. Physics was pretty much locked up in the late 1800s except for refining a few decimal places, then boom! relativity and quantum mechanics changed everything. The basic question is whether our scientific theories provide a view of nature that is True with a “capital T” – or is at least progressing toward that truth. Notice that truth is not the same thing as explanation, prediction, or control. Our theories can provide those things, but so did ancient Greek and Egyptian theories that are now known to be incorrect. Regarding control, the Egyptians built the pyramids with false views of nature. And prediction can be misleading; the fallacy of “assuming the consequent” dogs scientific reasoning (theory predicts A, A happens, therefore theory is correct – ignores other successful theories). Explanation can be little more than storytelling. Geologists today should not be na�ve to think that their ability to explain, predict and control nature with current theories means that their theories are true. Much of geology deals with phenomena that are not observable (e.g., the core of the earth, earth origins and history). Even the phenomena accessible to observation produce theories subject to major revisions. The same issue of Geology this month has a paper about alluvial fan formation that overturns a previous theory that had overturned one before that, and supports the earlier theory. Is that progress, or rather a swinging pendulum? Some liken scientific progress to the path of a hunting dog. A bloodhound may wander from left to right, but the resultant vector shows progress as he hones in on the scent. Even so, how do you know you are on the right trail? Maybe when the dog catches up with the suspect, it will be the wrong culprit, and the forensic team would have to start over. The point is that even if you see progress in explanation, prediction or control, it does not mean your scientific efforts are converging on the Truth. Neither does it mean so if you have thousands of PhDs pursuing the consensus paradigm, munching croissants at huge AGU conventions, and teaching textbook science to undergrads using calculus. Geological theories of the earth go far, far beyond what can be verified through observation. In the years between Buffon and Lyell, a priori decisions were made to disregard Scripture as having any relevance to geology. Suppose historians decided to build a theory of Rome by deciding in advance to disregard all texts and inscriptions, and only studying monuments and ruins. Suppose they won over all the universities and journals with this approach. Imagine them celebrating their Enlightenment, their independence from the slavery to texts. Would they be likely to make much progress toward the true history of Rome? Consider that none of the following accoutrements to a paradigm have any necessary connection to its truth:The number of experts promoting a view (10,000 Frenchman can be wrong)The tightness of the camaraderie binding supporters of a view togetherThe prestige of the institutions supporting the viewThe reputation of the journals doing the publishingThe number of journal articles published (10,000 lies don’t add up to a truth)The length of time a view has been believed (Ptolemaic astronomy lasted 1500 years)The dazzle of the charts, graphics and textbooks availableThe quality of animations in TV documentaries produced to illustrate the viewThe denseness of the jargon used in discussing the viewThe cleverness of the classification schemes employedThe chutzpah of its supportersThe political power of its supportersThe ability of its leaders to demonize and marginalize oppositionThe incompetence of some of the view’s detractors (they could still be right)The ability of its proponents to win court casesThe dignity of the conferences held in support of the viewThe view’s success at explanation, prediction and controlWhat matters is evidence. Eyewitness testimony is evidence. Rather than ruling out that class of evidence for geology, the question 18th-19th century geologists should have considered was the reliability of the only Eyewitness available. Sedgwick and Lyell and others tried to hang on to their Christian God, but they abandoned his Word, leaning on their own understanding (Prov 3:5-6). They also dismissed the greatest witness of all – Jesus Christ – who taught creation and the Flood (Matthew 24:38-29). By cutting off their authority at the knees, they have been hobbling around on stumps in shifting sand, thinking it was progress. Not all motion is progress. Some is just commotion.
Emeritus Professor Philip Tobias, aworld-famous palaeoanthropologist, is justone of the prominent members of SouthAfrica’s small Jewish community.(Image: Chris Kirchhoff,MediaClubSouthAfrica.com. For more freephotos, visit the image library.)MEDIA CONTACTS• Vincent MagwenyaThe Presidency+27 72 715 0024+27 12 firstname.lastname@example.org• SA Jewish Board of DeputiesZev Krengel+27 82 557 9681David Saks+27 72 294 4056)RELATED ARTICLES• South Africa’s population• SA expats vote abroad• Suzman: a fearless voice stilled• The White Zulu on stage in SA• Unearthing our human ancestorsMary AlexanderIn a speech seen as a gesture of outreach to South Africa’s Jewish community, President Jacob Zuma has urged skilled expatriates to return home and help overcome the country’s “social and political challenges”.In the opening address of the Jewish Board of Deputies‘ national congress on Saturday night, Zuma paid tribute to the role the Jewish community plays in South Africa, and to the board’s work in preserving Jewish identity in the country.“Through their continued work over the years, a rich tapestry of Jewish traditions and culture has been developed, preserved, and passed from generation to generation.”But, Zuma said, while South Africa’s Constitution protects the rights of minorities, and one of his responsibilities as president was to cultivate the country’s cultural diversity, this should not be at the cost of unity.“Much as we are conscious of who we are culturally and otherwise, it must not take away the national identity, as we should be South Africans first.”Noting the role South African Jews had played in the antiapartheid struggle, Zuma said they continued to contribute to building the country in “business, labour, science, literature, culture, community work and politics”.But one of the problems in building the country was education. “This country has a massive skills shortage,” he said. “This problem is exacerbated by the emigration of skilled people.“We must work to reverse this trend.”Some 1 800 South African Jews are said to emigrate from the country every year, and the community’s numbers have fallen from a peak of around 120 000 in the 1970s to some 75 000 today. The largest wave of emigration was in the late 1980s and early 1990s, in the violent dying stages of apartheid and the difficult times of South Africa’s democratic rebirth.Most move to Israel, Australia, Canada and the US. Today, new uncertainties about the Zuma administration – the president was inaugurated on 9 May 2009 – threaten another wave.With the majority of South African Jews supporting the Democratic Alliance (DA), the official opposition in parliament, Zuma’s speech on Saturday was seen as a extending an olive branch. “He made good pledges; I hope he delivers on them,” DA politician Jack Bloom told JTA news service. “It was a friendly action. It was the president of the country addressing the Jewish community. It was good outreach.”Accompanied by Cabinet ministers and senior provincial officials, it was the first time Zuma had publicly addressed the community. He took the opportunity to praise their past and present contribution to South Africa. “Many within the Jewish community have played a prominent role in the struggle for democracy and freedom in our country.”Citing examples such as Rusty Bernstein, Helen Suzman and Albie Sachs, Zuma said, “Though part of the privileged white community, many Jewish people dedicated their lives to the advancement of the rights of the oppressed majority.”Zuma also praised South African Jews’ continued participation in political life. “Earlier this year, the Jewish Board of Deputies made a significant contribution towards the democratic elections through voter education, awareness and mobilisation among communities. [This] demonstrates a healthy commitment to the promotion of democracy in our country.”Jews have a long history in South Africa, being among the first whites to settle in the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. The first South African congregation, known as the Gardens Shul, was founded in Cape Town in 1841.Some 300 Jewish soldiers fought alongside the Boers in the Anglo-Boer War. A large proportion of today’s community can be traced back to refugees who fled Germany, Lithuania, Poland and elsewhere in Europe before and during the Second World War.According to the 2001 census, there are 75 549 Jewish people in South Africa, making up only 1.7% of the white population and 0.2% of the total population. Most are concentrated in the major centres, with Johannesburg having the largest community.Nonetheless, many are prominent in society, and include internationally respected palaeoanthropologist Philip Tobias, businessman Sol Kerzner, Nobel prize-winning author Nadine Gordimer, musician Johnny Clegg, photographer David Goldblatt, actress Janet Suzman and political cartoonist Jonathan Shapiro.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Russ QuinnDTN Staff ReporterOMAHA (DTN) — Nebraska livestock producers who saw their pastures severely damaged from widespread flooding this spring might have to use annual forages until perennial forages can recover.With pastures now buried under feet of sand along flooded rivers and fences completely destroyed, it will be a long-term project to restore these areas to productivity. Some pastures, however, might not recover enough to be whole again.PRODUCERS NEED FORAGESAt a meeting in Fremont, Nebraska, on Tuesday afternoon, University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) Extension specialists spoke on the subject of growing annual forages. The need for forages by livestock producers affected by flooding is both an immediate and longer-term need, according to Nathan Mueller, UNL Extension Agronomist for Dodge and Washington counties.Many farmers in the two counties have seen widespread flooding from three major rivers (Missouri, Elkhorn and Platte) and several smaller streams (Bell Creek, Logan Creek, Maple Creek). The questions Mueller has gotten most from livestock producers since the flood in mid-March is how to grow forage on flooded land and what other alternative options are available to them.“Some have pastures with feet of sand deposited on it and no fences,” Mueller said. “They are going to need forage and hopefully this meeting will give them options.”Daren Redfearn, UNL Extension Forage Crop Residue Specialist, said many forage producers have contacted him and they wanted to know what to do with sand on pasture land. It can be very costly to remove the sand mechanically, but at the same time, what plants could possibly grow with so much sand deposited on pastures.“At some point something will grow, mostly likely some annual like sunflowers,” Redfearn said. “Do you remove the sand or plant on it? I don’t think we really have a good answer yet on what to do.”Another issue will be how much sand is out there and how thick it really is. Some areas might be 4 to 5 feet thick while other areas will not. This inconsistent depth will be a challenge to overcome, he said.The good news is grass will grow again but it will take some time. In the meantime, livestock producers need forages and growing annual forages could be one way to assure this need is met both short- and long-term.LOTS OF CHOICESRedfearn said livestock producers in need of forages have a lot of choices when it comes to growing different annual forages. Certain seed might be more difficult to obtain but generally most of the seed is fairly available.Annual forage would be divided up between cool-season and warm-season species, he said. Cool-season forages could be small grains such as oats, cereal rye, triticale, wheat or barley. Brassicas would also be cool-season and would include turnips, radishes and rapeseed.Redfearn said the most common cool-season small grain is oats, which could be planted in the fall or early spring. With oats you can stockpile the forage and quality doesn’t drop much, he said.Brassicas can be planted in the fall or the spring, although production is higher when it’s planted in the fall, he said. With it already being well into April, it is getting almost too late to plant oats or any cool-season annuals.Warm-season forages could be summer annuals such as sudangrass, sorghum/sudangrass, forage sorghum, pearl millet and German (foxtail) millet. Other examples of warm-season annuals could be sunflowers, cowpea, Mungbean and Sunn hemp.Considering it is almost too late to plant cool-season forages, planting warm-season forages might be the best option for producers who lost pastures due to flooding, he said. The planting window for warm-season forages is the end of May and grazing or haying would be expected from late July through September.“My take-home message is planting dates with annual forages is important,” he said. “Delayed planting reduces fall growth potential and the effects of late fall planting carry over into the spring.”Before Aug. 1, summer annuals are the best choice as cool-season annuals are risky, he said. From Aug. 1 to Sept. 1 cool-season annuals are the best choice.Redfearn said after Sept. 1 cool-season annuals are best and summer annuals are not recommended. After Oct. 1 cool-season annuals are the best bet.FEED VALUESFrom the livestock side, annual forages have different feed values, Kristen Ulmer, UNL Extension Educator in Beef Systems. Dovetailing on what Redfearn said, planting dates are extremely important, she said.Research at the UNL Eastern Nebraska Research and Extension Center (ENREC) near Mead has shown this to be true.Oats were planted in a cornfield after corn silage was removed on Sept. 3, 2016, and the then after high-moisture corn was harvested on Sept. 17, 2016. Ulmer said the oat biomass produced on the field planted on Sept. 3 was 2,510 pounds per acre while the biomass on the field planted on Sept. 17 was only 574 lbs/acre.“It can make a huge difference in production even as little as two weeks,” Ulmer said.Feeding value of annual forages can be maintained during the winter and meets calf and gestating cow requirements for protein and energy. Research has shown an oat, radish, turnip mixture planted on Sept. 8 will have a crude protein level of 23.2% in November and 22.9% in December.Ulmer said calf performance on annual forages have also been studied at UNL.In one study, calves grazed annuals for 40 to 60 days after the field was harvested for both corn silage and high-moisture corn. In the study, calves grazing after the corn silage had an average daily gain of 2.33 lbs. while calves grazing in forage after high-moisture corn was harvested gained 1.15 lbs.Other considerations when grazing annual forages would be metabolic disorders with livestock.Ulmer said all annual grasses can have nitrate toxicity issues. Prussic acid can be seen with using sorghum, sudan grass, sorghum/sudan mix and corn as a forage. She said issues with prussic acid can be avoided if grazing isn’t allowed until the crop is 18 inches tall and waiting seven days after a killing frost.Grass tetany can be an issue with lush, immature grasses, she said. The main concern here is with lactating cows but in most cases feeding a free-choice mineral with 12% to 15% magnesium (mg) with a target of three to four ounces per day/head will take care of the problem.Russ Quinn can be reached at email@example.comFollow him on Twitter @RussQuinnDTN(BAS/SK)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.
Singapore is expecting 14 percent growth in tourist footfalls from India this year compared to 2017, and plans to tap the growing young travellers segment.”Last year (2017) was a record year where we received1.27 million Indians travellers. This year, from January till September we have already received 1.08 million Indians. So looking at this growing trend we are hoping 14 percent growth over last year,” Singapore Tourism Board (STB) regional director, South Asia, Middle East and Africa, GB Srithar told PTI here.Read it at Firstpost Related Items