Remembering Nelson Mandela: Facts about the freedom activist who became the first black President of South Africa

first_imgThe anti-apartheid revolutionary Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 and died on December 05, He was a politician, philanthropist and an activist; who served as a President of South Africa.On Nelson Mandela’s birth anniversary, here are some interesting facts that you must know:In 2009, United Nations declared July 18 as Nelson Mandela International Day or Mandela DayNelson Mandela was born in a royal family. Mandela’s great-grandfather was a ruler of South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province, while his father was a counsellor and a local chief of the monarchsNelson Mandela was the first member of his family who attended school. He was named Nelson by his teacher in school as each student was required to have an English nameIn college, Nelson Mandela was an all-round student. He played sports, performed in drama society, took up ballroom dancing and gave Bible lessons in a local communityIn 1953, Mandela, along with his friend Oliver Tambo, opened his own law firm, which happened to be the first and only African-law firm in the countryMandela was known as the master of disguise. He usually disguised himself as a chauffeur and he travelled incognito, holding meetings and attending strikesIn 1962, Nelson Mandela was arrested. He was charged with instigating strikes of workers and for leaving the country without permissionMandela was sentenced to life in prison, where he served for 27 yearsNelson Mandela gave a three hour speech, ‘I am prepared to Die’, in a courtroom during his trialAfter his release, Nelson Mandela along with his supporters, increased pressure on the South African white minority government and even addressed the international communitiesIn 1994, Nelson Mandela became the first black President of South Africa. He became the first President who was elected by a democratic system and he served from 1994 to 1999Nelson Mandela was a philanthropist who focused on doing social charity work in battling poverty and HIV/AIDSadvertisementNelson Mandela was a controversial figure. He was addressed as a terrorist and communist by many, and was even denounced due to his friendship with leaders like Muammar Gaddafi, Fidel Castro etc.Nelson Mandela received over 260 awards and one of them was Nobel Peace Prize received in the year 1993Nelson Mandela has been tributed in both films and music. Artists like Elvis Costello, Stevie Wonder, Youssou N’Dour paid tribute through their music. Actors like Morgan Freeman, Terrence Howard, Idris Elba etc. portrayed him in many filmsIndia and Pakistan both awarded Nelson Mandela with their prestigious awards consecutively in the years 1990 and 1992. In 1990, India gave Mandela the Bharat Ratna Award, while in 1992, Pakistan gave him the Nishan-e-Pakistan Award.Check out Mandela’s incredible speech here:Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G.K. and Current Affairs section.To get more updates on Current Affairs, send in your query by mail to [email protected]last_img

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *