© 2010 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — Ever since the 12th century, the most common way to bury the dead has been to lay the corpse in a casket and then bury the casket several feet underground. Since then, we have learned that casket burials cause environmental and health problems due to the fact that the corpses do not receive enough oxygen to quickly decompose into compost. Instead, the corpses undergo a slow rotting process by bacteria that feed on sulfur, and remaining products can harm the nearby drinking water. More information: www.promessa.org.uk and Promessa’s Facebook pagevia: io9 Promessa founder Susanne Wiigh-Mäsak has developed an ecological burial process that allows the body to be restored to the earth as naturally as possible. Image credit: Promessa, Niklas Johansson. Citation: Ecological burial involves freeze-drying, composting the corpse (2011, March 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-03-ecological-burial-involves-freeze-drying-composting.html A Swedish company called Promessa Organic AB thinks there is a better way to lay the dead to rest. The company’s founder, biologist Susanne Wiigh-Mäsak, has developed an ecological form of burial in which the corpse is transformed into compost in about 6-12 months. The organic burial process avoids embalming fluids and greatly reduces the environmental impact on the air, water, and soil.The first part of the ecological burial method involves removing the water that makes up 70% of the human body. To do this, the company freeze-dries the corpse in liquid nitrogen within a week and a half after death. The corpse is first frozen to -18°C (0°F) and then submerged in liquid nitrogen. Next, sound waves at a specific amplitude vibrate the brittle corpse, transforming it into an organic white powder. The powder is sent through a vacuum chamber that evaporates the water, greatly decreasing the corpse’s mass. If the person had metal surgical implants, a metal separator can remove these parts from the dry powder. If required, the powder can also be disinfected.At this point, the organic powder is hygienic and odorless, and the remains can either be cremated or buried. Since the powder will not decompose if kept dry, there is no hurry for a burial. At the time of burial, the remains are laid in a coffin made of a biodegradable material such as corn starch and placed in a shallow grave. Depending on the wishes of the next of kin, a bush or tree can be planted above the coffin. Within 6-12 months, both the coffin and its contents will become loam, a high-nutrient soil that nourishes the plant growing above. As Promessa’s website notes, this process “can instill greater insight in and respect for the ecological cycle, of which every living thing is a part. The plant stands as a symbol of the person, and we understand where the body went.”Wiigh-Mäsak, who owns a greenhouse and grows 15,000 organic plants, had been thinking about the idea of an ecological burial for many years until she finally decided to develop the idea into a reality.“The calm hours spent in my greenhouse gave me peace of mind, and it suddenly become obvious to me how human beings could also be fully integrated with the natural ecological cycle that we are an inherent part of,” she writes on Promessa’s website.Promessa has won awards from the Green Organisation as well as received recognition from UNESCO for the environmental benefits of the Promession process.Currently, the company is building its first facility to offer ecological burial as an alternative to casket burial. The first Promatorium in Sweden should open in the spring of 2011, with additional facilities to follow in the UK and South Korea. Eternally green: New eco-friendly cremations and burials Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The project, as described by its builder, Sasha Mehlhase, a physicist with the Niels Bohr Institute took almost thirty five hours to build and cost two thousand Euros (paid for by the high energy physics group at the university). The point of building the replica, he says, is to incite interest in physics. Plus, no doubt, it was sort of fun. © 2011 PhysOrg.com Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The festival started with a tribute to Rajendra Yadav, the most well-known writer in Hindi language and the pioneer of the Nayi Kahani Movement. Dr. Nirmala Jain, a renowned critic, Ajit Kr. Chaudhary, writer in Hindi and Rachna Yadav, daughter of Rajendra Yadav and MD, Hans Publications touched upon the issues being faced by Hindi as a language and its literature in the contemporary times while going down the memory lane. Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister of Delhi and Magsaysay Awardee participated in the last session of the 2nd Delhi Literature Festival as he spoke about his book Swaraj: Power to the People with Barkha Dutt. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The festival was inaugurated by Dr. Karan Singh, President ICCR in the presence of H.E. Bernhard Curabetz, the Ambassador of Austria, Hamsa Moily, the poet and Dr T. Meinya, Member of Parliament from North East. The Mahabharata’s Secrets written by Christopher C Doyle and published by Om Book International was also launched by the dignitaries present.The second day of the festival started with the discussion about various ventures into creativity and writing followed by a session by Iranian artists sharing the history and art forms involved in Persian Publishing. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixSaturday also saw participation of critics like Dr. Rakhshanda Jalil and Prof. Harish Narang, a dramatic reading of unpublished novel, Mutilator by Prajna Desai, a session to discuss the Indian politics by Tabrik C and participation of ambassadors of various countries to discuss the works of Gladys Abankwa-Meier-Klodt, author of Delhi’s Diplomatic Domains. Somnath Bharti , Minister of Law, Tourism, Art & Culture and Administrative Reforms launched the Holy Smoke, it’s a Godman written by Satish G. Kashyap. The third day began with a session ‘In conversation with Dr. Kusum Ansal’, a prolific writer. Bernardo Carvalho, a novelist, a playwright and a journalist discussed contemporary Brazilian Literature followed by dramatic reading of Manto’s Satire by Raza Naeem from Pakistan.‘Sex & the City: Erotica in Literature’ saw popularity amongst an audience of various age groups. The festival paid its second tribute to Safdar Hashmi through a reading of his play Aurat followed by a session discussing the art of playwriting and its changing face by playwrights and critics.
Kolkata: The city sessions court on Friday sentenced three youth in their 30s to life imprisonment for kidnapping and extorting Rs 40 lakh from a Howrah-based coal trader in 2008. Khalid Khan from Mumbai, Shadab Siddiqui from Mumbai and Kamran Akhtar from Metiabruz in Kolkata were convicted on charges of extortion of money from a businessman Sreeram Buchasia who was abducted from City Centre, Salt Lake in March 2008 and was kept a hostage at a hideout in Jagacha, Howrah. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsSources in the state Criminal Investigation Department (CID) said the kidnappers had sought ransom money of Rs 1.5 crore that was negotiated and brought down to Rs 40 lakh. CID sleuths during the course of investigation learnt that an inter-state gang of Mumbai was found involved in this case and the kidnappers, including kingpin Siddiqui, was arrested from Kolkata airport while he was fleeing to Jaipur.Chief judge of the City Sessions Court who convicted the three gang members on Thursday acquitted another accused Abhishek Singh, who had allegedly provided logistic support to the trio. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedAccording to CID sources, Siddique had become a drinking partner of Buchasia, then 45, a resident of Shibpur in Howrah. On March 8, Siddique asked Buchasia to meet him in front of City Centre in Salt Lake. He had left home around 6.30 pm on a motorcycle and was not seen again by his family till March 19. He was abducted and the kidnappers forced him to call home and say he was on his way to Ranigunj.Buchasia’s wife received a phone call on March 9, the first ransom call demanding Rs 1.5 crore. Buchasia’s brother Sarod alerted the police and the case was taken up by the CID. The victim’s family members delivered the money after a 40-minute ride on a suburban train from Howrah but the kidnappers demanded more money. Buchasia was finally dropped off on Bally Bridge early on March 18.The CID sleuths managed to recover Rs 23 lakh ransom amount from the abductors.
Kolkata: A 30-year-old man was shot dead when some gunmen opened fire at a poll rally at Bhangar in South 24-Parganas on Friday. Police sources said that Hafizul Mollah was marching in support of an independent candidate at Natunhat Bazaar area, when indiscriminate bombing and firing began at Natunhat in Bhangar around 4.30 pm. Mollah, who sustained bullet injuries on his head, was rushed to a private hospital in Rajarhat, where he succumbed to his injuries. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe local villagers alleged that the attackers were loyalists of local Trinamool strongman Arabul Islam. Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee has ordered the police to immediately arrest Arabul, in connection with the incident. State Election Commissioner A K Singh has sought an immediate report from the police in this connection.During an interview in a television channel, Banerjee, while responding to a poser on the Bhangar incident, said, “Some Maoists have been camping in the area and causing unrest. The police administration has been directed to take steps,” she said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedA large police force, led by the Superintendent of Baruipur Police District, rushed to the spot and conducted raids at various places to nab the assailants.The independent candidate whose rally was attacked, was backed by Jomi Jibika Rokkha Bahini (Land and Livelihood Protection Force), leading to a stir against a power grid station at Bhangar. Bhangar has often been on the boil since January 2017, with Arabul Islam and his supporters clashing repeatedly with the villagers participating in the agitation against land-acquisition for the power grid. Police suspect that the agitation has the support of ultra-Left group Red Star. Many of its members were arrested under UAPA.Nine independents from Bhangar had filed their Panchayat nomination via WhatsApp, as they had claimed that they could not go to nomination centres due to fear of attacks.
Kolkata: The state Transport department has witnessed a rise in revenue generation in the first four months of thecurrent fiscal, as a result ofsustained drives to collect arrears.The drives have been taken up to ensure that car owners follow the motor vehicle rules strictly. This has resulted in the hike in revenue generation as well.According to the sources in the state Transport department, the revenue generation against motor vehicle tax and others including vehicle registration fees, driving licence fees, fine against overloading, etc. was Rs 2,292 crore in the 2017-18 financial year. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeIt shows that the average collection per month in the last fiscal was Rs 191 crore. “The same has further gone up in the first four months of the current financial year and the average revenue generation now is Rs 210 crore per month. There has been a revenue generation of Rs 840 crore in the first four months of the 2018-19 fiscal,” said a senior official of the department.It may be mentioned that the revenue generation during the Left Front regime in the 2011-12 fiscal was Rs 960 crore. With several drives taken up by the state Transport department, the same has gone up to Rs 2,292 crore in the 2017-18 fiscal. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAccording to the officials of the state Transport department, steps have been taken up to ensure compliance of the motor vehicle rules. Notices are being sent urging to clear the arrears and subsequent moves are also being made in case the same is not cleared despite sending notices. “It is expected that the revenue generation would touch Rs 2,500 crore by the end of the 2018-19 financial year,” said an official.Stringent measures have been taken against overloading of goods and the motor vehicle inspectors (MVIs) maintain a vigil to check the same. Around 200 MVIs will join the existing strength in September. With the increase in revenue generation, the state Transport department has taken several measures and improved infrastructure in the state’s Transport sector.Besides adding 1,200 new buses in the past seven years, the department has extended financial support to the police in creating necessary infrastructure to check road accidents as a part of the Safe Drive Save Life campaign.Around 2,500 state-run buses used to ply in the state in 2011. The number has gone up to 3,200, despite around 100 buses that plied for more than 15 years or 8 lakh kilomtres, being scrapped. Moreover, e-buses and CNG buses have also been introduced.Interestingly, the erstwhile Left Front government used to take loan to buy buses that had led to a debt of Rs 132 crore. Now, the state Transport department procures the buses from its planned budget.
Krishnagar (WB): A youth drowned and another has gone missing in the river Ganga during immersion of Durga idol in Nadia district on Friday night. The body of 20-year-old Prabir Das was fished out on Saturday morning, while search is on for his friend Rakesh Ghosh. The two, as members of a local club, had gone to the river at Nakashipara Patuly Ghat for immersion of Durga idol on Vijaya Dashami, and slipped into deep water, police said. Local administration launched rescue operation with speed boats and the body of Prabir was found. Rakesh, however, remained untraced still Saturday afternoon.
Beldanga/Bhagabangola (Murshidabad): Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee urged people to cast their votes against the BJP to punish Prime Minister Narendra Modi for his misdeeds and at one breath, alleged that the RSS is backing Congress candidates in Berhampore and Murshidabad constituencies. She reiterated that the BJP will not get more than 70 seats in the forthcoming Lok Sabha elections.She addressed two rallies at Beldanga under Berhampore and Bhagabangola under Murshidabad Lok Sabha seats on Monday. In 2014 polls, Adhir Chowdhury of the Congress was elected from Berhampore by 3.85 lakh votes and Badrudduja Khan of CPI(M) won the Murshidabad seat by over 18,000 votes. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: Mamata”In the past five years, Modi has not done anything for the good of this country. He has only divided the nation and the economic condition of the country has gone down. Under these circumstances, cast your vote against the BJP to punish Modi for his misdeeds,” she said. Banerjee alleged that the RSS is backing the Congress candidate in Berhampore and Jangipur. Without naming Adhir Chowdhury, the sitting MP from Berhampore and Abhijit Mukherjee, the sitting MP from Jangipur, she said: “RSS workers are backing the Congress candidates in both these constituencies. CPI(M) is also backing the candidate in Berhampore constituency. The Congress, CPI(M) and BJP have inked secret deal to back the Congress in Murshidabad,” she said, adding “RSS preaches Hinduism in the Hindu dominated areas and talk about the National Register of Citizens (NRC) and the Citizenship Bill in the Muslim-dominated areas.” It may be mentioned that the CPI(M) is openly backing Chowdhury in Berhampore against the RSP candidate Id Mohammad. CPI(M) cadres holding red flags are shouting slogans for Chowdhury. Continued on P7